What is multiple chemical sensitivity?

Qu'est-ce que la sensibilité chimique multiple ?

Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, also known as Multiple Chemical Syndrome, is a chronic disease with a very complicated treatment, because the affected person loses tolerance to chemicals present in the environment and generally tolerated by humans.

These chemicals are usually: laboratory products, gasoline, detergents, cleaning products, soaps, perfumes, pesticides, carbon monoxide and organic solvents, among others.

Prognosis of the disease
This disease does not have a good prognosis, as people with MCS have a very high risk of developing other autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia or multiple sclerosis, among other conditions.

Symptoms of Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome is usually associated with the following symptoms:

Shortness of breath
Cardiovascular problems
Muscle pain
Gastrointestinal problems
Memory problems and lack of concentration
Skin problems
Visual sensitivity
Auditory sensitivity

Medical tests for multiple chemical sensitivity
There is no specific diagnostic method or analytical test to detect multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome. Therefore, the diagnosis is clinical, based on the patient's self-reported symptoms and history of chemical exposure to rule out other diseases.

Typically, a questionnaire is used to measure environmental and non-environmental intolerances and exposures, and to quantify the severity and impact on daily activities.

What are the causes of multiple chemical sensitivity?
At present, the specific causes of this chronic condition are not known, but there are two different schools of thought. On the one hand, specialists link it to an organic cause and, on the other hand, experts believe that it has a psychopathological origin.

Can it be prevented?
To prevent this disease, we must take into account the cleaning and hygiene products we use. In this sense, one measure to prevent MCS is to implement previously studied cleaning plans that include products that comply with the regulations.

On the other hand, people working with chemicals should use appropriate protection, such as gloves, goggles and masks.

Treatments for MCS
There is no specific treatment to correct MCS, but the symptoms of MCS can be improved and controlled.

This can be achieved by controlling the environment. This means avoiding the use of products to which the person is hypersensitive. This can also be achieved by avoiding humid environments and exposure to irritating environments.

In this sense, one should not enter establishments with penetrating aromas and it is important to use air purifiers with HEPA filters and masks. It is also recommended to seal doors and windows and to try to reduce electromagnetic pollution.

Which specialist treats the disease?
The specialist in charge of treating multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome is the family doctor.

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